city of Leopolis [Lviv]. Some merchants arrive to this city heading
to the Levant via the Sea of La Mancha [North Sea/Baltic Sea] in Flanders.
mar és appallada mar de la Manya e mar de Gotilàndia...
is called Sea of La Mancha, Sea of Gotilandia [Gotland]
and Sea of Susia [Sweden]. Let it be known that this sea is frozen
during six months of the year; that is to say, from mid October until
mid March; and it is so hard that one can cross on top of it with an
oxcart. The rough weather is due to the cold North wind.
senyoreja lo rey de Organa...
rules the King of Organa, a Saracen that constantly battles with the
Saracens of the coast and with other Arabs.
la qual és appellada Turchia…
that is called Asia Minor or Turkey, and where one finds many
provinces and cities.
| ||IV.5 |
Minor, also called Turkey, where there are many cities and castles.
estany és appellat…
lake is called (…) [probably lake Ilmen or lake Ladoga based on
Villadestes' map of 1413] and sturgeons and other strange fish grow
corpus Catarina virginis...
lies the body of St. Catherine the virgin.
freu pasaren los fills d'Israel…
sons of Israel past through this gorge when they fled Egypt.
| ||IV.9 |
Sinai where God gave Moses the Law.
Assí es la
migana brancha de Montis Taurus...
is the middle branch of Mount Tauris [Tibesti Mountains]. Many
Saracens coming from the West pass through this mountain wishing to
go to Mecca to see the arch of Mohamed that contains their Law.
| ||IV.11 |
és appellade la Mar Roga...
sea is called the Red Sea which was crossed by the Twelve Tribes of
Egypt. Let it be known that the water is not red but the bottom is
that color. Through this sea pass most of the spices arriving at
Alexandria from India.
soldà de Babillònia....
sultan of Babylon [Al-Fustat, Egypt] is great and powerful amongst those of this region.
ciutat de Chos...
spices coming from India are brought to this city of Chos [Al-Qusayr,
Egypt]. Then, they are taken to Babylon [Al-Fustat, Egypt] and
ciutat de Núbia...
of Nubia. The king of Nubia is always at war with the Christians of
Nubia who are under the dominion of the emperor of Ethiopia and the
land of Prester John.