Catalan Atlas Legends

This page contains the translations into English the legends of the Catalan Atlas (1375) as they appear in the different panels of this work attributed to Cresques Abraham. The translations are based on Diáfora's facsimile of the Catalan Atlas (El Atlas Catalán de Cresques Abraham, Diáfora, 1975). This facsimile has the legends transcribed to Catalan and also translated into Spanish. I consulted both the Catalan and the Spanish to come up with my English translations. The accompanying images of the legends I have added are extracted from the Bibliothèque nationale de France which provides a high-resolution scan of the entire atlas on their website (see

(Another work, Mapamundi. The Catalan Atlas of the year 1375. Edited with commentary by Georges Grosjean. Dietikon-Zurich : Urs Graf Verlag, 1978. Colour facsimile on six panels. Pp. 93., also contains English translation and extensive commentaries of the legends. This work was reviewed by T. Campbell in Imago Mundi: The International Journal for the History of Cartography, 33:1, 115-116.)

Panel III

Panel IV

Panel V

Panel VI